Equipment for a diving or snorkeling trip
In this article, we are addressing beginner divers or people wishing to discover this leisure activity by offering an overview of basic equipment and scuba diving accessories. First of all it is important to know that the diving equipment is chosen according to the type of diving, the level that the person has and the place in which one is led to evolve.
Basic diving equipment
Snorkeling, also called aquatic hiking, is an aquatic leisure activity that is practiced on the surface and therefore does not require the acquisition of complete diving equipment. The PMT kit (fins-masks-snorkel) as well as a wetsuit or a shorty will be enough for a snorkeler to discover the underwater fauna and flora in good conditions.
In scuba diving, the equipment is more specific and requires a diver to rely on the advice of a specialist retailer for the choice of products. In the basic equipment, we find fins that allow the diver to move underwater, to stay on the surface but also to balance in the water, the mask that allows you to see underwater and to have better visibility as well as the snorkel to breathe on the surface. The diving suit or the shorty (for warm waters) which have a role of thermal protection and which thus allow a diver to stay a longer time under water without feeling the cold.
The different types of suits available in several thicknesses: dry (in neoprene or tri-laminate…), semi-dry, wet. For more thermal insulation, the diver is equipped with slippers, gloves and a hood.
To breathe underwater, the diver has a bottle or a diving block (element provided by diving clubs if you do not have one), the equipment supplying the air to be breathed from a regulator, a part made up of a first stage attached to the bottle and a second stage placed in the mouth (to breathe). The scuba regulator will transform the pressurized air from the cylinder into air at ambient pressure, ready to be breathed by the diver.
The stabilization vest or diving stab allows you to stabilize, go up, go down in the water or also to stay on the surface. If visibility is reduced in the water, the diving lamp or light quickly becomes an indispensable element.
Scuba diving instruments and accessories
Among the essential instruments and accessories for a good practice of scuba diving, we find the watch or the computer which allows the diver to measure the various parameters of his underwater trip such as the depth, the duration of immersion and the stop times to be respected (safety element). The diver can equip himself with a manometer, an instrument that is fixed to the first stage of the regulator and allowing to have an indication of the remaining pressure in the block, an octopus which is a second emergency stage. To orient yourself underwater, you must equip yourself with a diving compass. The diver must also have a parachute which is mandatory safety equipment to signal his presence underwater. The diving ballast allows the diver to have good buoyancy in order to facilitate his underwater immersion.
The dry bag, an essential accessory for transporting and storing your own diving equipment. There are waterproof diving bags for any type of equipment and others more specific to a type of accessory such as fin bags, bags for diving regulators or even computer bags…
For more “technical” dives, on wrecks, in caves, cenotes… we opt for more specific equipment such as face or communicating masks, side mount vests, wings, harnesses, rebreathers. Equipment and accessories for experienced divers requiring in most cases special training. It is also possible to immortalize an outing at sea using underwater cameras (Sealife, etc.) or underwater cameras such as Go pro, for example.